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- Heron and Crow
Heron and crow are a curious painting theme in Japanese art. Representing seemingly opposite nature of Ying and Yang, they are a joy and a challenge to explore with ink. In this three days workshop you will have the opportunity to learn the basic brush strokes of the birds amongst their natural habitat. Each morning will commence with a calligraphy practice and will continue with learning exercises to paint the birds with Live demonstration by Talia and accompanied with worksheet for you to use and take home. We will also explore the meaning of herons and crows in Japanese art and view masterpieces by the Japanese ink masters of the 18th C. Time permitting we will enjoy painting within the Almond grove studio. Day 1 - Intro, calligraphy, herons Day 2 - Calligraphy willow, water and more herons Day 3 - calligraphy, crows and pine barks, summary time Based on simplicity and minimalism, this work is a form of active meditation, a training of discipline of hands and mind. It enhances self-confidence and flow with the brush, promoting new sets of drawing skills. You will learn about core features and ideas of Japanese ink painting, alongside key brush strokes, using traditional brushes, ink and fine paper. Fees include: • Study work-sheets to form your personal booklet. • All tools and materials for the course. • 1-2-1 with Talia, plenty of practice time and group discussion. • local fresh fruits, tea / coffee and light refreshments. • Professional painting sets made in Japan to include brushes and paper can be purchased direct from the studio during workshop time. • Spaces are limited up to 5 students. Fees: €360- / £315- Fee may be paid online or in-person. Dates: Friday 28th - Sunday 30th of October 10am-1:30pm Please add your whatsApp phone number to receive the studio pin-location after booking as it is rather rural amidst a hundred almond trees. You will need a car or taxi to get to the studio which is about 20 minutes from Palma. To be notified of future Japanese ink painting workshops, please sign up for our newsletter below. ** When booking go the Ocotober 28th on the calander and choose any hour to go to booking.
Blog Posts (12)
- Water Dropper in Ink Painting and Calligraphy
A water-dropper, known in Japanese as suiteki - 水滴 , is a unique container made especially to hold water for usage in ink painting and calligraphy practice. This container design vary in size, shape and material, with the single intention to allow only one drop of water, at a time, to be poured out onto the ink or colour pigments palette. When you think about it, water is the main substance used with ink for painting and calligraphy. And so its container has a significant importance. It is the water that connects together the ink, the brush and the paper, known as the 'treasures'. The water is the plasma that allows for beautiful ink marks, and flow of calligraphy writing. Thus the water-dropper, even though it has not officially been included with the traditional ‘four treasures’ tools of painting and calligraphy, is of great value, and is known as an essential part of the calligrapher desk and the ink painter studio kit. How does it work? Although small and humble, water-droppers are highly sophisticated objects. The container has to have two holes in its design, one to allow drops of water out, whilst the other allow air to go in. In this way the pouring of water is controlled by the artist. The angle with which the water-dropper is held, determine the speed and how many drops will flow. The design of a water dropper Considering its function, the design of a water-dropper is quite challenging. To create a small container with two holes that can be held in the palm of the hand. It needs to be simple and practical to function. These small containers have become objects carrying symbology and meaning. They have evolved as miniature sculptures of complexity and a collectible highly valued items. The materials used for making these fine objects are multiples. From metal such as bronze, copper, silver or brass, to various types of stones such as jade and amber. Most popular are water-droppers made of ceramic with decoration and various motifs. The design of the pouring spout can be with a handle, or just a drop like hole. It can also be a more open shape with larger opening. The shapes of the container has many times a reference to the value of water. It may be from shapes of traditional water container designs, such as a gourd, a tea-pot or even a water droplet. Or a shape with references to plant or an animals living in or by water, such as a lotus flower, a water-frog, a dragonfly or a fish. Other designs carry a particular symbolic meaning relating to the nature of the year, such as the year of the hare or other zodiac animals. Or it may be a reminder of well known Zen teaching, like the boy and the ox motif, reflecting on a well known zen lesson about the nature of enlightenment. These unique containers can also be engraved and painted with fine landscape decoration, or a reference to a source of water, like reeds by the river, a waterfalls, a mystical landscape with water source. Even cracked ice as in the sample here. How to fill up a water-dropper ? The way to fill up a water-dropper is by dipping it in a larger container of clear water. Once you place your water-dropper inside, you will see air bubbles coming out. That means it is getting filled up. When no more bubbles coming up, it is full, ready to be used. Take it out of the larger container, wipe it dry on the outside surface and you are ready for your practice. Care for your water-dropper To care for you water-dropper, make sure you keep it clean and wrapped with a piece of cloth when you travel with it so it does not crack or break. Every so often you can place it in a bigger container with water and few drops of vinegar. This will clean any scaling that may have built up. You can leave it overnight and make sure to wash well and refill with clear water. Further research As you can see from this brief introduction, water-droppers hold a world within them, not just water. With quite an ingenious, simple and ancient technique, they have become a unique collectors items. You can further your study of water-droppers by visiting selected Asian art museums fine collections around the world, usually they can be found in the calligraphy or ceramic display section. Also, you may find them coming up from time to time at Asian art auction houses and galleries. So when you next see these kind of little sculptural objects with two holes in them, you will know what they are and what they are used for. Getting your own tool-set As an ink practitioner you may wish to have your own water dropper. In the three sets, curated by Talia for students, you will find water-droppers as part of the tool-kit. * STUDIO SETS - Quality Japanese MADE sets Traveller Set This set has a small blue and white rectangular water-drooper with flowers and water reeds elements painted on it. Celedon Set This set has a beautiful circular celadon water-dropper. Blue & White Set This set has a circular blue and white water-drooper painted with a mountain landscape surrounded by water and a boat. To read further comprehensive essays on the ink artist practitioner tools-set and more - check out ArtBrush Library Find out your favourite Japanese ink painting courses with ArtBrush Online HERE
- A secret about being an artist
Notes to self on the artistic journey Being an artist is not about some kind of a chaotic state, it is about an internal order that makes very clear sense. It is creating light from within by understanding the greatness that is possible. Being a student of the arts, means that we are interested in beauty, aesthetic, shades of light, proportion and glorious images that enhance and graces our being. And whilst practicing our skills, the big secret is, that we are learning this about the way WE are. About what moves and makes us who we are. By practicing art, we are exercising these very spaces in our being. Allowing our lives to glow a little more, with the feeling of beauty, finesse and powerful serenity. And so, even if for a short while, WE become part of it. And so it is not the art that is the journey, it is our own life that is the journey. When asked once, what is the difference between being a professional artist and an amateur one... well, I could say, it is to do with making a living out of ones art, or if you exhibit or show your art, or if it is a full time occupation. As much as all this is true, within the persona of what being an artist is, on a deeper level, any one who is touched by the creative mode, is an artist for that time. It can be in the way that we articulate and put our words together, which is the same way as blending ink on the palette. Or it can be in the way we look at another person and make it count, or not. The way we make a single brush stroke on paper count, or not. So really, when you are practicing art, you are the artist of your life, no less. It really is so, whatever shape and form you choose to do it with. The secret is, that it is within this glory of the moment that we are the power of what can happen, we harness our lives to make sense of it. To make it beautiful, to make it a useful struggle. To make it poetic, and romantic, and fantastic. To overcome the fear of non relevant, non important, or not good enough, or impressive enough. Once this bridge is crossed, over and over again, it is the art of living well that is celebrated in many moments of crossing, and finding new aesthetics to dwell in, to enjoy, to celebrate and to be part of. Find out More > You can find out more about Talia's art in the GALLERY or connect direct for interior design projects and commissions HERE. > The journey with ink paintings have allowed me the discipline and practice to journey the path of art. You are welcomed to explore highlights of this journey with ArtBrush Online tutorials and read more writings on ArtBrush Library > For Japanese ink painting foundation course 'The Four Noble Ones' Sign up for a one-time payment of £220 > > For other individual painting tutorials check ArtBrush Online HERE
- Chrysanthemums by the Stream
From Jackuchū to Murakami This hanging scroll of chrysanthemums by the stream was painted by Itō Jackuchū (1716 – 1800), one of Japan's most ingenious artists of the 18th Century. He is presenting an ethereal range of chrysanthemums flowers by a stream that seem to grow out of an old ragged trunk covered with moss. Four little song birds can be discovered as one observes the painting, adding sound to the flowers fragrance and the movement of the water. And suddenly, our senses are fully engaged within this scene. It is part of a series of thirty scrolls painted by Jackuchū over a decade, known as 'The colourful realm of living beings' (dōshoku sai-e) , created around 1765 when the artist was in his fifties. This painting, on silk, is a wonderful demonstration of the artist versatility in mastership the way of ink. On the whole, it may seems like a traditional theme, but on a deeper observation, you may begin to find the work reveals itself as almost abstract, and does not really make 'sense', in the logical way. For example, the white flowers at the top could not really, physically, be held by its fine dark branch. And the background river, itself designed as three shades of decorative patterned ink, is really only reminiscence notes on the flow of water. This abstract format and the realistic images somehow come together to make sense in our imagination. Itō jackucho (1716-1800) Jackuchū is one of the most prolific artists of Japan. He is loved and revered by the Japanese, and his unique style does not fall really into any school of practice. That is why he is often relates to as one of the 'eccentric' artists of the 18th Century. And yet, one can challenge the notion of eccentricity. As it can only be related to, if there is a 'norm' to be eccentric in contrast to. His extraordinary mastership of the brush demonstrate both strength and finesse. Manipulating the brush and ink in creating beautiful original compositions. A true pathfinder of the art of ink painting. Born to a wealthy family of fruits and vegetables merchants in Kyoto, Jackuchū, as the eldest son had to handle the business for the first part of his life. Although he painted throughout that time and was already well known, he has began his first most ambitious work when he was forty two and well into his fifties, creating the series of thirty large hanging scrolls of which this painting of chrysanthemum is part of. Jackuchū was a devoted buddhist, follower of Zen. His work range from the most wild abstract like images, such as, his well known cranes and roosters, to the refined detailed of buddhas images and the natural world around us. From seashells to landscape, from flora to fauna, his work essentially carry a deep sense of the buddhist belief in the universal unity of all things. The chrysanthemum The chrysanthemum is one of the four main subject to be mastered by the ink practitioner, known as the 'four noble ones'. It has a history within ink painting tradition which originated in ancient China. It is said that when an artist can master painting the leaves of the chrysanthemum, they can paint anything at all. In the two chrysanthemum painting here, we can see Jackuchū mastership of the two main schools of ink practice. Both line strokes of the flowers, on the left scroll, as well as the free brush stroke as seen on the flower on the right. Playful, detailed and ingenious, shifting our perception from the known to the imaginary (no flower grows in this fashion really), he is working the narrow space of the scroll format to its uttermost. The flower represent the season of autumn, the air is getting colder, time to prepare for the harsh season ahead. Chrysanthemum painted by the stream, carry a reference to deep healing, strength and longevity. It was told of a hidden water stream, in a small village in Japan, which had chrysanthemum flowers growing alongside it. The petals would fall into the water, and it was believed that they transformed the quality of the water so that those who drank it lived well for many, many, long years. We can find three styles of Jackuchū chrysanthemum painted here. Using white for the largest flowers, with a hint of green in the centre. Jackuchū only paint the edge of the white petals, creating an illusion of a whole flower. He then uses the same white with a hint of green to creates a smaller flower, adding orange red to define its contour edges. And in the third design, he picks the orange-red to create yet another type of chrysanthemum using the two painting styles of lines and washes together. Dream world Jackucū's creates a unique dream world and invites us to dwell in it. If you look carefully you begin to unravel the way he does it. We actually view the painting from multiple view points. To begin with, we view the stream from a bird's view, and the flowers from a side view. Oh, but then, some flowers are seen from above, as well as below, and from the front flower as well as the back, revealing all sides of the flowers as well as the sculpted trunk. We are not outside this dream world, we are inside it. The stream runs in a beautiful silhouette of a wave. It goes from the top of the paintings down the bottom of it. The stem of the chrysanthemum does the same movement, but mirror the stream. Together they make an eternity like sign. The dark trunk with its radiating malachite green, repeats yet again the wave shape, bringing it to a pause at the bottom centre, where we find a little bird. The artist invites us to look more carefully and find the song bird, and then another and another, like the very hidden soul of the painting. Each bird, glance to a different directions as if to make sure it covers the whole universe of the artwork. With this unique style of his, using no western vanishing point or shadows of any kind, Jackuchū creates depth and layers to the work as a whole. His dream world is alive and vibrant. Takashi Murakami chrysanthemum by the stream This circular print 'jumped' at me when visiting by chance an auction house in London many years ago. It was hang amongst a mix of contemporary western prints, and was clearly very different. At the time, I did not know the artist, however, I did recognised the theme of chrysanthemum by the stream. As the only bidder, on a rainy London day, I was delighted to walk home with it and hang it on the wall amongst my own artwork collection, only to discover later on it was actually the work of contemporary Japanese artist, Takashi Murakami. Born in 1962, Takashi Murakami is one of the most well known contemporary Japanese artist of today. In keeping with the Japanese ink painting tradition of following the footprints of masters of the past, Murakami has taken up Jackuchū theme of chrysanthemum by the stream, giving it his own unique signature interpretation. Using the latest print technology of colour and gold, and a good amount of humour with his flower faces, His skilful executed print echo the theme of Jackuchū's, exploring it afresh some two hundred years later. In a way, like the longevity essence nature of the chrysanthemum, both artworks are timeless. Perhaps their reflected atmospheric feeling rises from the same timeless source. Learn More > For an in-depth tutorial on how to paint chrysanthemum, using Japanese ink and water colours painting check it out here Sign up for a one-time payment of £65 > > And for the complete foundation course tutorial 'The Four Noble Ones' , which includes the chrysanthemum lesson, you are invited to join ArtBrush Foundation course Sign up for a one-time payment of £220 > > For other individual painting tutorials check ArtBrush Online HERE Images details * Chrysanthemum by the stream - hanging scroll / ink and colour on silk / 142.8 x 79.1 cm / ca.1766 age 51 / Sannomaru Shōzō-kan Museum, Imperial Household Agency, Japan * Portrait of Ito Jackuchū - by Kubota Beisen (1852-1906) / colour on silk / 55 x 35 cm/ Shōkokuji, Kyoto * Two chrysanthemum (from a set of three) - hanging scroll / ink on silk / 94.3 x 32.3 each / Kyoto national museum
Other Pages (62)
- Galleries and Prints from Talia Lehavi Studio: View the Latest Work from Artist Talia Lehavi
Gallery View the latest work from Talia. If you’re interested in a piece, or wish to see more collections from the portfolio please contact Talia . Wrinkled Hundred Million Blossoms Tendril Notes on Pine Ink Dragons Time Bubbles Memories of Leaves Buddha Realm Diamond Clouds FEATURED COLLECTIONS Limited Edition Prints Journey Fired Ceramic
- Fine Art Gallery: Memories of Leaves by Talia Lehavi
< Back Memories of Leaves This series of ink paintings and monotype prints was inspired from an old lotus pond in Takayama, Japan. Out of the murky green water sprung magnificant large white flowers alongside wide, deep green leaves. It is said of the lotus plant that the deeper the roots the stronger the leaves and flowers become. Send an inquiry
- ArtBrush: Japanese Ink Painting Courses and Online School by Talia Lehavi
Learn Japanese Ink Painting Online courses and workshops that teach students how to master Japanese ink painting, step by step. Start my journey Welcome to ArtBrush Online School for Japanese Ink Painting ArtBrush will assist you in developing your skills in Japanese Ink Painting while giving you a deeper appreciation for this tradition within Japanese art history. Our online school's step-by-step courses are designed to allow you to practice brush exercises, guiding you in creating your own ink paintings while experiencing the meditative nature of the process. Watch the video to learn more. TESTIMONIALS Hear from students that took our courses Read what our students said about their experience taking our ArtBrush online courses. Very detailed and informative course! I have always been an admirer of Asian traditional painting and this course provided me of an insider's look of this magic world. With the help of Talia and the ArtBrush online courses, I have managed to learn, exercise and master special brushwork techniques otherwise inaccessible to me. I also got an overall understanding of the aesthetics around this beautiful world of ink painting. I totally recommend this! — Olympia T. Artist & Writer INSTRUCTOR Meet your teacher ArtBrush founder, Talia Lehavi, is an artist, practitioner and teacher of traditional Japanese ink painting. Following years of teaching, her love and passion for this artistic medium has now prompted her to create ArtBrush, the online school for Japanese ink painting. "My own extensive journey in Japanese ink painting, studying with mentors for seven years and completing an MA at the School of Oriental and Africa Studies in London, has provided me with a wealth of knowledge that I want to share with you. My experience has allowed me to teach Japanese ink painting Worldwide, and I’ve created ArtBrush to allow past and new students to learn alongside me and progress in their creative journey, wherever you are in the World." COURSES New ArtBrush courses The Foundation Course covers the four traditional themes for the beginner ink painter student. These are bamboo, plum-blossom, wild orchid and the yellow empress, known as the chrysanthemum. Summer flowers and insects course is a more advanced course to guide you how to paint water irises, wild roses, beautiful hydrangeas, and grand peonies. You will also learn to paint dragonflies, butterflies, ants and bees and discover how to add these insects to your composition in such a way that they will enhance your painting. Each course also includes a tools and materials check-list, pdf worksheets, and bonus compositions for you to practice in your own time. Courses Foundation Course Step-by-step how to create beautiful Japanese ink paintings of wild orchids, bamboo, chrysanthemum, and plum blossom View Course Summer Flowers and Insects Step-by-step how to create beautiful Japanese ink paintings of water irises, wild roses, hydrangea, grand peonies, dragonflies, bees, ants and butterflies View Course LESSONS ArtBrush lessons Lessons are single, focused courses on one specific subject. Each lesson also includes a tools and materials check-list, pdf worksheets, and additional compositions for you to practice in your own time. Please note: some lessons are included in the ArtBrush Courses. Wisteria Step-by-step how to create beautiful Japanese ink paintings View Lesson Wild Orchids Step-by-step how to create beautiful Japanese ink paintings View Lesson Plum Blossom Step-by-step how to create beautiful Japanese ink paintings View Lesson Hydrangeas and Butterflies Learn to paint step-by-step beautiful hydrangeas and butterflies in ink and colour View Lesson Pine and Ikebana This unique course was filmed live at the London Flower School combining the two artistic forms of ink painting and Ikebana View Lesson Bamboo Step-by-step how to create beautiful Japanese ink paintings View Lesson Water Irises and Dragonflies Learn to paint step-by-step beautiful irises and magical dragonflies View Lesson Peonies, Ants and Butterflies Learn to paint step-by-step summer peonies, ants and butterflies in ink and colour View Lesson Shallow Water - Crabs and Shrimps Step-by-step how to create beautiful Japanese ink paintings View Lesson Chrysanthemum Step-by-step how to create beautiful Japanese ink paintings View Lesson Roses and Bees Learn to paint step-by-step beautiful roses and bees in ink and colour View Lesson MANUALS Manuals: Text-based learning Manuals are written guides to assist you in your Japanese ink painting experience. Falcon and Pine Step-by-step how to paint the majestic falcon and evergreen pine View Manual Tiger and Bamboo Step-by-step how to paint tiger and bamboo View Manual MEMBERSHIPS ArtBrush Memberships Memberships provide you with an all-rounded, in-depth learning experience for your journey in Japanese ink painting. ArtBrush expanding library provides you with writings and essays on the history of Japanese ink painting. ArtBrush Library Selection of writings, essays and contemplations to guide you with your Japanese Ink painting studies View Membership ArtBrush Lifetime Membership Providing you lifetime access to all courses, lessons, manuals, and library View Membership TOOLS The tools and materials needed for ink painting The four main tools and materials used in this practice are brush, paper, ink stick and ink stone. Known as 'the four treasures ' , these carry a long tradition of craftsmanship in their own right and their quality varies from a simple student's kit to a highly-prized, collectible, hand-made sets. Paper is made of various percentages of kozo fiber (made from the bark of mulberry bush). It can vary in thickness, shade and size. The brush, made of natural animal hair, varies in hardness, size and shape. The ink stick, known as sumi, is made out of soot or coal dust, traditionally mixed with essential oils and natural glue to form a solid stick. This black solid ink has a range of shades of black and a variety of translucency. The ink-stone, known as suzuri, is traditionally made out of slate, which has a rough surface upon which to grind the ink. View all Tools and Materials blue & white set View Set celadon set View Set traveller set View Set STUDENTS View work from our students Talia is the founder of the new ArtBrush Online school for Japanese ink painting. The school offers step-by-step courses that teach students how to master Japanese ink painting. It catered to beginners and those with prior ink painting experience. There are a wide variety of courses available, including single courses that focus on one specific subject. The Foundation Course covers the four traditional themes - bamboo, plum-blossom, wild orchid and the yellow empress, known as the chrysanthemum. ArtBrush expanding library provides you with writings and essays on the history of Japanese ink painting. Each course also includes a tools and materials check-list, pdf worksheets, and additional compositions for you to practice in your own time. Judy H. Raji N. Dr. Tamar S. Judy H. Raji N. Leoni C. FOLLOW US Follow ArtBrush on Social Media Please follow ArtBrush on Instagram and Pinterest to stay updated with upcoming courses
- ArtBrush Library
A selection of writings, essays and contemplations to guide you with your Japanese Ink painting studies. Welcome to ArtBrush Library, a hub for learning about the history of Japanese ink painting, created to assist in expanding your knowledge and appreciation of this traditional process. The library is a growing source of writings and essays, covering a range of subjects including - tools, materials, ink masters, contemplative notes for the artist, viewing paintings and exploring ink painting within Japanese art history. ArtBrush Library will continue to grow with new material, so be sure to visit often to harness this tool within your ink painting journey. All of the material on the library is downloadable, allowing you to print and create your own reference book at home.
- 4 Essential Japanese Ink Painting Tutorials
4 Essential Japanese Ink Painting Tutorials Of the many wonderful Japanese ink painting themes, there are few that have come to be considered essentials for the artist practitioner. And so, if you would need to condense the whole teaching of ink painting into four lessons only, then you would probably want to learn to paint wild orchid, bamboo, chrysanthemum and plum blossom. While every ink painting theme has its own unique value, why, and how, have these four become to be known as the foundation lessons for the practitioner artist? 'The Four Noble Ones' Known as 'The Four Noble Ones' or 'The Four Gentlemen' - wild orchid, bamboo, chrysanthemum and wild plum hold within them together, like a pearl, the essential brush strokes practice for ink paintings. Each lesson, highlight different usage of line work and ink marks, offers an understanding as to the usage of ink and water to create shades of ink, and teaches core ideas of composition as well as careful observation of the ink masters paintings of the past. 'The Four Noble Ones' carry the perception of time flow and the elements, as well as main qualities and notions for the discipline of ink painting practice. Origin of 'The Four Noble Ones' The origin of these four plants as the 'Noble Ones', is somewhat of a mystery. Their tale goes back to Chinese literati ink painters of the Song dynasty (960–1279), hence their title also as 'The Four Gentlemen'. Ink painting and calligraphy together with music, used to be practiced by Chinese scholars as a mean of improving oneself and cultivating ones character. Chosen not only because of their beauty, wild orchid, bamboo, chrysanthemum and wild plum also have come to be considered as representing essential qualities for the scholar-painter character. The qualities of humility, purity, resilience and forbearance. These various literati painting subjects were collated as compilation of knowledge over the generations, to include, instructions and details ranging from how to make ink and colour, to understanding composition, appreciation the artist observation skills, and samples of the masters. Thanks to the development of woodblock prints around the the 17th C. these compilation were turned into printed painting manual instructions for the discipline of ink painting. One of the early well known manual was the Chinese manual titled 'The Mustard Seed Garden Manual of Painting'. It was divided into various books and devoted a book for each of The Noble Ones' plants. As the manual became available and more popular, various copies were printed reaching other countries including Japan. It is recorded that the Japanese Tokugawa shogun exchange in 1724 his copy of the manual with a 1679 edition which belonged to an artist in his employ. The manuals made ink painting more accessible and must have inspired Japanese artists to create their own painting manuals as well. Today there are various version and editions to these kind of painting manuals. (see link below) And so, 'The Four Noble Ones' have become the foundation and essential practice themes for the ink painting practitioner. Unfolding seasons of 'The Four Noble Ones' Each subject represents the arrival of one of the four seasons and convey different feelings and emotions. The orchids suggest early spring time and the bamboo of summer time. The chrysanthemum tells of autumn into winter, and the plum blossom of winter into spring. Each plants display, in different way, its hidden beauty in spite of the hard weather and condition it grows in. Thus the study of these four will unfold the hidden beauty in ones painting. Wild orchids The spring blossom, blooming up high in the faraway mountains tops creaks and rocks, is this wild orchid way. It is as if the plant touches the sky. Access to it, is almost impossible. Because of this, it has become a symbol for hidden beauty. With its fine blossom, rare and graceful, it has also become a symbol of humility, elegance. Bamboo Bamboo is one of the most loved subject of ink painting. It is the beauty of the line that comes through with the painting. It represents the season of summer and the quality of resilience. As it is the fastest growing woody plant in the world and an ever-green plant, it gets its power from adaptability rather then strength. And so it came to represent flexibility and inner power. Chrysanthemum The royal chrysanthemum suggests the end of autumn and the coming of Winter. Fields of yellow chrysanthemum were considered as precious as gold. Its golden beauty represents purity and a determination. The power of anchoring in truth even in the face of the withstanding changes of season. Plum blossom The end of winter is snowy and very cold. The bare trees are well covered with snow, and it is the plum blossom that succeed in-spite of the cold weather to bloom and cover the tree with beautiful pink, red and white blossom with fine fragrance and delight. This power overcomes the cold and bleak weather, represents inner beauty and humble display of courage and bravery, in the face of difficulties and hardship, and this is plum blossom painting. In conclusion The wild orchid, bamboo, chrysanthemum and plum blossom ha